Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder that affects many children. It is characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, which can cause significant impairment in daily life. ADHD is often diagnosed in childhood, with symptoms usually appearing before the age of 12.
In children with ADHD, inattention may manifest as difficulty focusing on tasks or following instructions, forgetfulness, or being easily distracted. Hyperactivity may include excessive fidgeting, restlessness, or the need to be constantly on the go. Impulsivity may result in difficulty waiting for one's turn, interrupting others, or acting without thinking.
ADHD can have a significant impact on a child's academic and social life. Children with ADHD may struggle in school, have difficulty forming and maintaining friendships, and experience low self-esteem. However, with proper diagnosis and treatment, children with ADHD can lead fulfilling and successful lives.
Treatment for ADHD in children often includes a combination of medication and therapy. Medications such as stimulants or non-stimulants can help reduce symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Therapy, such as behavioral therapy or parent training, can help children develop coping strategies and improve communication skills.
If you suspect your child may have ADHD, it's essential to seek professional help. A healthcare provider can evaluate symptoms and recommend appropriate treatment. With early intervention, children with ADHD can learn to manage their symptoms and reach their full potential.